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Reza Shadmehr, S&ro Mussa-Ivaldi, “Biological Learning & Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, & Makes Decisions”
2012 | ISBN-10: 0262016966 | 400 pages | PDF | 17 MB

In Biological Learning & Control, Reza Shadmehr & S&ro Mussa-Ivaldi present a theoretical framework for underst&ing the regularity of the brain's perceptions, its reactions to sensory stimuli, & its control of movements. They offer an account of perception as the combination of prediction & observation: the brain builds internal models that describe what should happen & then combines this prediction with reports from the sensory system to form a belief. Considering the brain's control of movements, & variations despite biomechanical similarities among old & young, healthy & unhealthy, & humans & other animals, Shadmehr & Mussa-Ivaldi review evidence suggesting that motor comm&s reflect an economic decision made by our brain weighing reward & effort. This evidence also suggests that the brain prefers to receive a reward sooner than later, devaluing or discounting reward with the passage of time; then as the value of the expected reward changes in the brain with the passing of time (because of development, disease, or evolution), the shape of our movements will also change. The internal models formed by the brain provide the brain with an essential survival skill: the ability to predict based on past observations. The formal concepts presented by Shadmehr & Mussa-Ivaldi offer a way to describe how representations are formed, what structure they have, & how the theoretical concepts can be tested.

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